At lunch last week with my colleague Jay Cross, we riffed on the most important word was for learning in the organization. I chose ‘meaningful’, he went with ‘experiential’. They’re both important, but I thought I’d tease them out a bit.
I take meaningful in two senses: what you’re doing (read: learning) is directly related to what your goals are, and it’s something you care about. So, for example, in designing serious games, you want to focus on key skills, not on irrelevant material. And, to work as engagingly as possible, you also are also choosing a context that the learner cares about. Taking something relatively abstract like coaching, you could be providing support for developing a coaching model (rather than using an existing one), or you could be figuring out how to help a person separate out person from behavior (commenting on the latter is to be preferred). Similarly, it could be in the context of being a better accountant (uninteresting except to accountants), or it could be for sports (which might be of interest to a broader segment). The point is to be focusing on relevant skills in interesting contexts.
Now, I take experiential to have some overlap, but to be addressing two senses as well: both the context you are learning in, and the nature of the learning experience. That is, you can be learning away from work, or in the work process, the latter being more ‘experiential’. And you can be learning by doing in either context, learning ‘how’, as opposed to learning ‘about’. I think there’s overlap here in being contextually relevant , but separate in the sense of personally interesting and the learning being applied.
I mapped it out, with lack of experiential and meaningful being disconnected content (which I see far too much of in workplace learning), or where we start providing knowledge how (not about) to be meaningful, providing activity-based learning to be experiential, and of course the ultimate being the intersection of both.
I’m sure Jay would argue that if it’s experiential, learning through real work experience, it’s inherently meaningful. And I’d argue that if it’s suitably meaningful, it naturally has to be experiential. Yet overall I’m happy take either one or both versus neither!